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Breaking Down The Mexican National ID Number

Breaking Down The Mexican National ID Number

The National ID Number or CURP (Clave Única de Registro de Población) is likely one of the most common ID numbers for folks in Mexico. It is comparable in use to the U.S. Social Security Number, however unlike the SSN, it is algorithmically generated using the person’s full authorized name and personal information. Understanding Mexican ID Number development may help reveal key information about people and allow analysts to easily identify false ID numbers.



Naming Conventions in Latin America

Before we talk about the structure of CURPs, it is essential to talk about naming conventions in Latin America. In Spanish-speaking jurisdictions, names are typically comprised of three parts.

An individual’s given name, also known as a primary name, is either a single name, akin to Alejandra, or more commonly a compound name with or more names, such as Francisco Enrique.

The given name is followed by the paternal surname, then the maternal surname. Paternal and materials surnames can be compound, however this is less common.

For example, let’s look at professional Mexican soccer player Rafael Márquez Álvarez. The U.S. Division of the Treasury sanctioned him in 2017 for serving as a frontman and holding assets for lengthy-time drug kingpin Raúl Flores Hernández, the leader of the Flores Drug Trafficking Organization.

If we break down his name into its three elements, his given name is Rafael, his paternal surname is Márquez, and his maternal surname is Álvarez.



Deciphering the Mexican National ID Number

The Mexican National ID Number (CURP) is an eighteen character alphanumeric code. It is structured as follows:

4 letters from the particular person’s authorized name: – First letter of the paternal surname – First internal vowel of the paternal surname – First letter of the maternal surname – First letter of the given name
Six numbers which might be the individual’s date of delivery in YYMMDD format
One letter describing the person’s gender: "H" for male (hombre) and "M" for feminine (mujer)
Two letters which are the 2-letter state abbreviation for the state the place the particular person was born; if the particular person was born outside of Mexico, the abbreviation "NE" will likely be used for Nacido en el Extranjero (born abroad)
Three letters from the person’s authorized name: – First internal consonant of the paternal surname – First internal consonant of the maternal surname – First inside consonant of the given name
One character to avoid duplicate CURPs among individuals who have similar names, places of beginning, and dates of birth; the character is a number that ranges from zero to 9 for people born earlier than 2000 and a letter from A to Z for individuals born since 2000
One character that may be a checksum

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